Narito ang vaccines schedule na dapat tandaan ng mga mommies

by Justine Punzalan
Oct 14, 2019
Timely and complete vaccination can protect your child from deadly diseases. Be guided by the vaccines schedule.
PHOTO/S: ISTOCK / FREEPIK

Sadyang nakakabahala ang biglaang pagkalat ng mga life-threatening diseases gaya ng measles, polio, diphtheria, at meninggococcemia sa Pilipinas.

At ayon sa Department of Health (DOH), mas magiging kampante ang mga magulang kung sinusunod nila ang vaccine schedule ng mga anak.

Dahil dito, masugid ang pangangampanya ng DOH na pabakunahan ang mga anak.

Don't worry, mga mommies, proven safe naman ang ito ayon kay Health Secretary Francisco T. Duque III.

Aniya, “I appeal to the public to rebuild your trust and confidence in vaccines that were long proven to be effective, and I am quite sure that all of us sometime in our lives have been recipients of these vaccines which had protected us from various diseases."

Ito ang recommended vaccines schedule mula sa pagkapanganak ngaggang sa paglaki ng bata, ayon sa Pediatric Infectious Disease Society of the Philippines (PIDSP).

VACCINES FOR NEWBORN BABIES

Pagkapanganak sa isang baby, dapat siyang mabigyan ng BCG at Hep B vaccines.

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Ang BCG or Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine ay pangontra sa sakit na tubercolosis, at binibigay ito through a syringe with just one shot.

Ang Hep B vaccine naman ay proteskyon laban sa hepatitis B, isang infection sa liver.

Ibininbigay ang Hep B in three doses: ang una ay sa kapanganakan, ang pangalawa ay sa first to second month, at ang pangatlo ay from six to 18 months.

Pagkatapos nito ay tuturukan rin siya ng booster shot.

VACCINES STARTING six WEEKS

Pagdating ng sixth week, dapat mabigyan ng limang bakuna ang iyong baby as part of her routine childhood immunization.

Ang mga bakunang ito ay DTaP, HIB, IPV, PCV, and Rotavirus vaccines.

DTap protects your child against diphtheria, tetanus, at whopping cough o pertussis na inaatake ang respiratory at nervous systems ng tao.

Ang HIB o Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine naman ay pangontra sa Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease na maaring magdulot ng brain damage, deafness, and pneumonia, among many other complications.

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IPV or inactivated polio vaccine will protect your baby from polio na puwedeng mag-lead to permanent paralysis, while PCV o Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine ay proteksyon laban sa pneumonia na maaring mag-cause ng severe breathing problems at blood contamination.

Ang Rotavirus vaccine ay importante rin upang hindi magkaroon ng Rotavirus ang iyong anak na siyang puwedeng magdulot ng diarrhea.

Ito ay binibigay sa baby from six weeks to six months in two doses.

Ang DTaP, HIB, IPV at PCV ay kadalasang binibigay in four doses—six weeks, 10 to 14 weeks, 14 to 22 weeks, and 12 to 16 months.

Pagkatapos nito ay dapat rin siyang maturukan ng three booster shots of DTap and one booster shot of HIB, IPV, and PCV kapag four hanggang six years old ang bata.

VACCINES STARTING SIX MONTHS

Nirerekomenda rin ng mga doktor na as early as six months, dapat mabigyan ng influenza vaccine ang iyong anak annually.

Ang influenza vaccine ay mabisang pangontra sa flu, at dahil mabilis mag-evolve ang viruses nito, it is advisable na maturukan ang anak mo ng vaccine kada taon.

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Bukod sa influenza vaccine, dapat ring mabigyan ng measles vaccine in two subsequent doses.

VACCINES STARTING NINE MONTHS

Kapag nine months na si baby, dapat mapabakunahan ito ng two doses para labanan ang JEV o Japanese Encephalitis vaccine.

Mahalaga ito kasi ayon sa DOH, ito lang ang tanging preventive step para sa sakit na ito na nakukuha mula sa kagat ng lamok.

VACCINES STARTING 12 MONTHS

MMR, Varicella, and Hep A vaccines naman ang kailangan ng iyong anak starting 12 months.

MMR vaccine ang proteksiyon niya laban sa measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles).

Although iba-iba sila ng complications, these diseases can cause death, kaya it's a must na mapabakunahan ang iyong anak with the first dose of MMR at 12 to 15 months and the second dose at four to six years old.

Pagkatapos nito ay dapat rin siyang mabigyan ng booster shot from six to 18 years old.

Ang Varicella vaccine ay pangontra sa chickenpox na puwedeng ma-acquire through contact with the infected person.

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Gaya ng MMR, dapat maturukan ang anak mo ng first dose nito at 12 to 15 months and the second dose at four to six years old.

Hep A vaccine, meanwhile, will protect your child from Hepatitis A, na isang nakakahawang liver disease.

It is highly recommended na mapabakunahan ang anak mo with two doses of it at 12 and 23 months, and a booster shot at two to 18 years old.

VACCINE STARTING NINE YEARS OLD

Simula nine years old, maari mo nang pabakunahan ang anak mo ng HPV vaccine.

Ito ay laban sa human papillomavirus, isang sexually-transmitted infection na maaring magdulot ng cervical cancer o genital warts.

The vaccine comes in two types: Cervarix na pangontra sa cervical cancer at Gardasil na panglaban sa genital warts, vaginal vulvar, and cervical cancer.

Ang mga bakunang ito come in three doses with Cervarix at zero, onem, and six months and Gardasil at zero, two, and six months.

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MILD REACTIONS TO VACCINES

Tinanong ng PEP.ph ang pediatrician na si Dr. Khlaire Pioquinto tungkol sa mild reactions na puwedeng makuha from these vaccines.

Sabi niya, limited lamang ito sa swelling of the injection area and fever.

Aniya, "Fever, you can give paracetamol. Pain and swelling at the area of the injection, you can apply cold compress."

MOST VACCINATIONS HAVE NO AGE LIMIT

Kung sakali mang wala pang vaccines na ito ang anak mo, hindi pa nahuhuli ang lahat.

Maari mo pa rin siyang mapabakunahan sa health centers or hospitals.

Dr. Pioquinto tells PEP.ph, "There is no deadline, except for Rotavirus vaccine which must be completed before the age of eight months."

Ilan rin sa vaccines na ito ay makukuha niyo nang libre sa mga health centers or PHP1,600 to PHP4,600 sa private hospitals at pediatric clinics.

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Timely and complete vaccination can protect your child from deadly diseases. Be guided by the vaccines schedule.
PHOTO/S: ISTOCK / FREEPIK
  • This article was created by . Edits have been made by the PEP.ph editors.
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